MCQ Questions for Class 12 Economics Chapter 1 Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence with Answers

Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 12 Economics Chapter 1 Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence with Answers Pdf free download. MCQ Questions for Class 12 Economics with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. We have provided Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence Class 12 Economics MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well.

Q1. In how many sectors is the occupational structure of India is divided?

(A) One
(B) Two
(C) Three
(D) Four

(C) Three

Q2. What is another name for the service sector?

(A) Tertiary
(B) Primary
(C) Secondary
(D) Agriculture

(A) Tertiary

Q3. What was the nature of the Indian economy on the eve of independence?

(A) Stagnant
(B) Backward
(C) Underdeveloped
(D) All of these

(D) All of these

Q4. What was the life expectancy at birth in India on the eve of Independence?

(A) 44 years
(B) 50 years
(C) 60 years
(D) All of these

(A) 44 years

Q5. What was the growth rate of per capita income in India on the eve of Independence?

(A) 0.9%
(B) 0.5%
(C) 1.2%
(D) 3%

(B) 0.5%

Q6. Which of the following activities is included in the primary sector?

(A) Agriculture
(B) Services
(C) Industries
(D) All of these

(A) Agriculture

Q7. In which of the following sectors is manufacturing activity included?

(A) Primary
(B) Tertiary
(C) Secondary
(D) All of these

(C) Secondary

Q8. Where was the first iron and steel company established?

(A) Kolkata
(B) Jamshedpur
(C) Patna
(D) Ranchi

(B) Jamshedpur

Q9. What is the tax or duty on imports called?

(A) Tariff
(B) Quota
(C) Export
(D) None of these

(A) Tariff

Q10. Which of the following was the major occupation on the eve of independence?

(A) Industry
(B) Services
(C) Agriculture
(D) None of these

(C) Agriculture

Q11. The country’s growth of aggregate real output was less than __ during the first half of the twentieth century.

two percent

Q12. The Indian economy was a/an _ economy at the time of independence.


Q13. __ of agriculture increased the burden of revenue on farmers.


Q14. The distribution of the working population in different sectors of the economy offers a glimpse of __ structure.


Q15. The second stage of demographic transition began after __ in India.


Q16. Indian economy served as a source of _ for the British industry and a market for its finished goods.

raw material

Q17. __ were developed by the British raj as a means to enlarge the size of the market for the British goods.


Q18. The British introduced the railways in India in __


Q19. The __ sector accounted for 17.2 percent of the working population on the eve of Independence.


Q20. India’s first official census was undertaken in _


Q21. India was a prosperous and wealthy economy prior to the advent of British rule.


Q22. The colonial rule destroyed India’s traditional handicraft industry.


Class 12 Macroeconomics MCQ with Answers: Introductory Macroeconomics

Chapter 1: Introduction to Macroeconomics
Chapter 2: National Income Accounting
Chapter 3: Money and Banking
Chapter 4: Determination of Income and Employment
Chapter 5: Government Budget and the Economy
Chapter 6: Open Economy Macroeconomics

Class 12 Economics Indian Economic Development MCQ with Answers

Chapter 1: Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence
Chapter 2: Indian Economy 1950-1990
Chapter 3: Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation: An Appraisal
Chapter 4: Poverty
Chapter 5: Human Capital Formation in India
Chapter 6: Rural Development
Chapter 7: Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues
Chapter 8: Infrastructure
Chapter 9: Environment and Sustainable Development
Chapter 10: Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours

Unit 6: Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms Since 1991
Unit 7: Current Challenges Facing Indian Economy
Unit 8: Development Experience of India: A Comparison with Neighbours

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